This species has a delicate appearance, with black stems holding very small leaves of soft green. Appreciates a rich soil that stays evenly moist. Not a good choice for dry shade under thirsty types of trees.
It is quite a sight in the spring to see this fern emerging. Literally hundreds of tightly coiled fronds appear within a very small area. Prefers a rich and moist soil but can tolerate drought once established.
Semi-evergreen plant. The massive crown of this fern and the stems are covered with long brown scales. The fronds form a perfect vase shape on the forest floor making this fern an ideal specimen plant. Requires moist, humus-rich soil.